Bed Bug Facts & Statistics
2013 Bugs Without Borders Survey
The following bed bug facts and statistics are compiled
2013 Bugs Without
Survey, conducted by the NPMA and the University of
- 99.6 percent of U.S. based professional pest management
companies have encountered a bed bug infestation in the past year,
slightly higher than the 99 percent that reported the same in
- As in previous years, survey respondents continue to treat for
bed bugs in a variety of places outside private residences, such as
college dorms, hotels, nursing homes, offices, schools and daycare
centers, hospitals, public transportation and others. The majority
of bed bug infestations occur in residential settings, such as
apartments/condominiums and single-family homes, with 98 percent
and 96 percent of respondents treating these dwellings
- Although not a seasonal pest, prime bed bug time appears to be
during the summer months with nearly half (49 percent) of
respondents saying infestations occur most often then and least
often in the winter.
- Bed bugs continue to be the most difficult pest to treat,
according to 76 percent of survey respondents, more so than
cockroaches, ants and termites.
- Clutter contributes to the problem as approximately two-thirds
of respondents point to homeowner clutter as the biggest
customer-oriented challenge in treating bed bugs, while 58 percent
say customers not following advice and 16 percent point to
2011 Bed Bugs in America Survey
The following bed bug statisics and facts are compiled
from the NPMA's
Bed Bugs in America
- One out of five Americans has had a bed bug infestation in
their home or knows someone who has encountered bed bugs at home or
in a hotel
- Americans who have encountered bed bugs tend to be younger,
live in urban areas and rent their homes. The incidence of bed bugs
is three times higher in urban areas than in rural areas due to
factors such as larger population size, apartment living and
increased mobility, which are conducive to the rapid spread and
breeding of bed bugs.
- Bed bugs are found in all 50 states. Specifically, the pests
were encountered by 17 percent of respondents in the Northeast; 20
percent in the Midwest; 20 percent in the South; and 19 percent in
- Most Americans are concerned about bed bugs and believe that
infestations in the United States are increasing. Nearly 80 percent
are most concerned about encountering bed bugs at hotels; 52
percent on public transportation; 49 percent in movie theaters; 44
percent in retail stores; 40 percent in medical facilities; 36
percent in their own homes; and 32 percent equally pointed to
places of employment and friends' homes. The fear of getting bitten
topped the list of concerns.
- As the public's awareness of the bed bug resurgence grows, many
Americans are modifying their behaviors to minimize their risk of
an infestation: 27 percent have inspected or washed clothing upon
returning from a trip; 25 percent have checked a hotel room for bed
bugs; 17 percent have inspected or vacuumed a suitcase upon
returning from a trip and 12 percent have altered or canceled
travel plans because of concern about bed bugs.
- Sixteen percent of survey respondents inspected second-hand
furniture they have brought into their homes; 15 percent have
checked dressing rooms when trying on clothing and 29 percent have
washed new clothing immediately upon bringing it home from a
- Of the 13 percent of respondents who said they knew someone who
had a bed bug infestation in their home, 40 percent said they
avoided entering the infested home and 33 percent discouraged those
who had the infestation from entering their own home.
- Despite the availability of information, most Americans still
have misconceptions about bed bugs. Nearly half of respondents
incorrectly believe that bed bugs transmit disease. However,
research conducted to date has shown that bed bugs do not transmit
disease to their human victims, although some people may experience
itchy, red welts; 29 percent inaccurately believe bed bugs are more
common among lower income households, and 37 percent believe bed
bugs are attracted to dirty homes. Bed bugs do not
discriminate in regard to household income and are found in both
sanitary and unsanitary conditions.
Additional Bed Bug Info
Other NPMA Bed Bug Info & Facts:
- Bed bugs can lay one to five eggs in a day and more than
500 in a lifetime.
- Bed bugs can survive for seveal months without
- Bed bugs can withstand a wide range of temperatures, from
nearly freezing to 122 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Bed bug draw blood for about five minutes before
retreating to digest.
- Bed bugs hatchlings are so small they can pass through a
stitch-hole in a mattress.
- Bed bugs can ingest seven times their own weight in
blood, which would be the equivalent of an average-sized male
drinking 120 gallons of liquid.
- Bed bugs are found in all 50 U.S. states.