Conehead Termites

Nasutitermes corniger
Pest Stats
Color: Cream bodies; dark brown heads
Legs: 6
Shape: Long; narrow; Soldiers have a pear shaped head
Size: 3 - 4 mm
Antennae: Yes
Region: Broward County, Fla.

Conehead termites are an invasive species native to the Caribbean that was first introduced to the U.S. in 2001. They were originally called "tree termites," but were renamed conehead termites to alleviate the misconception that this pest is only found in trees.



Habits

Unlike most termites, the conehead termite does not rely on underground tunneling to travel. Instead, they forage on the ground like ants, allowing them to spread quickly.



Habitat

Conehead termites build dark brown "mud" tubes and freestanding nests on the ground, in trees or in wooden structures. The nests can be up to 3 feet in diameter and have a hard surface of chewed wood.



Threats

Conehead termites are an extremely aggressive termite species known for causing widespread property damage in a short period of time. Additional research into the species and treatment options are critical to controlling this destructive pest's spread, or else millions of dollars in damage can be expected.