||Cream bodies; dark brown heads
||Long; narrow; Soldiers have a pear shaped head
||3 - 4 mm
||Broward County, Fla.
Conehead termites are an invasive species native to the
Caribbean. They were first introduced to the U.S. in 2001.
Originally called "tree termites," they were renamed conehead
termites to alleviate the misconception that this pest is only
found in trees.
Though the species was believed to have been eradicated in the
U.S. in 2003, the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer
Services (DACS) recently confirmed the reemergence of this pest in
Broward County, Florida.
Unlike most termites, the conehead termite does not rely on
underground tunneling to travel. Instead, they forage on the ground
like ants, allowing them to spread quickly.
Conehead termites build dark brown “mud” tubes and freestanding
nests on the ground, in trees or in wooden structures. The nests
can be up to 3 feet in diameter and have a hard surface of chewed
Conehead termites are an extremely aggressive termite species
known for causing widespread property damage in a short period of
time. Additional research into the species and treatment options
are critical to controlling this destructive pest’s spread, or else
millions of dollars in damage can be expected.