||Varies in shade from yellowish brown to tan
||4 pairs of legs and a pair of pinchers
||Segmented, long tail with stinger at the end
||2-4” (20-100 mm)
||Arid southwest and southern part of the United States
Scorpions are nuisance pests that are closely related to
spiders, mites and ticks. There are about 1,200 scorpion species in
the world and 70 species in the United States. Of these, the most
dangerous species is the Arizona Bark Scorpion, which is found in
the American southwest and in Northern Mexico.
Scorpions are nocturnal pests, so they hide during the day and
are most active at night. They feed primarily on insects,
especially crickets and cockroaches, and they also feed on spiders.
However, they can survive for months without food if water is
Scorpions live in dry habitats, usually preferring deserts and
semi-arid regions. Many species dig burrows in the soil and hide
under rocks, logs or debris. During periods of hot weather,
scorpions may enter homes through wall voids and take shelter in
cool, moist areas like crawl spaces and attics.
Scorpions are known to sting as a defense mechanism or as a way
to kill prey. Humans will usually experience mild symptoms that are
similar to that of a bee sting, such as temporary pain, a burning
sensation or localized swelling. However, there are a handful of
species around the world that possess more dangerous venom, which
can be potentially fatal to humans. The Arizona bark scorpion in
the U.S. can deliver such fatal stings.