Could Your Home be at Risk for Termites?Dr. Jim Fredericks
Wednesday, March 28, 2012
Chomp, chomp, chomp. You would never be able to hear it,
but at this very moment thousands of termites could be eating away
through your home - unseen and unknown until it's too late.
Termites are known as "silent destroyers" because of their ability
to chew through wood, flooring and even wallpaper undetected. As a
result of their stealth nature, termites cause $5 billion in
property damage each year. Damage, which is typically not covered
by homeowners' insurance.
As the ground warms in spring, termites, much like every insect
in nature, begin stirring and coming out of their overwintering
spots in search of food. In the case of termites, they are looking
for new structures to settle their million member colonies.
Before a colony finds an appropriate structure, their search
team will investigate available options.
Swarmers are winged young queen and king termites that show up
inside homes in early spring and are typically the first sign of a
termite problem. Because they can be mistaken for flying ants, many
homeowners may dismiss them as such and leave a potential termite
infestation untreated. Discarded wings near windowsills and doors
signify that swarmers have already found their way in.
Termites are present in 70 percent of countries across the world
and their population outnumbers human beings on a ratio of ten to
one. The most common termite species found in the United
States are subterranean termites, Formosan termites, dampwood
termites, drywood termites.
termites live in underground colonies or in moist secluded
areas aboveground that can contain up to 2 million members. They
build distinctive "mud tubes" to gain access to food sources and to
protect themselves from open air. Subterranean termites are by far
the most destructive species of termite as they eat 24 hours a day,
seven days a week. This ravenous eating can severely compromise the
structural stability of a home as they chew their way through
important support beams.
termites are found in Hawaii, North Carolina, South Carolina,
Georgia, Virginia, Texas, Louisiana, Alabama, Florida, Tennessee,
South Carolina and California. This species, originally from China,
is the most voracious, aggressive and devious of termite species.
Formosans are organized into massive underground colonies, building
intricate mud nests inside the walls of a structure. Because of the
size of their colonies and their aggressive nature, Formosan
termites are difficult to control once they infest a structure.
termites are found along Pacific coastal and adjacent states,
the desert or semi-arid southwest, and in southern Florida. Unlike
subterranean termites, dampwood colonies do not forage in the soil
and they require higher humidity and regular contact with water.
Because of their specific water requirements, these termites are
most often found in trees and structures that have direct water to
wood contact, such as a leaky roof or wooden siding.
termites are primarily found along the coastal areas from South
Carolina westward to Texas and along the west coast of
California. Unlike some other termite species, drywood
termites infest dry wood such as attic framings and do not require
contact with the soil. Because drywood termites form new colonies
by gaining access to wood through small holes, seal all cracks and
crevices in a structure.
Regardless of the species, termites are destructive and can cost
you lots of money in unexpected home repairs if left to their own
devices. Here are a few tips to prevent termites from wreaking
havoc on your home:
- Seal cracks and holes on the outside of the home including
entry points for utilities and pipes.
- Keep basements, attics and crawl spaces well ventilated and
- Repair leaking faucets, water pipes and AC units which are on
the outside of the home.
- Repair fascia and soffits and rotted roof shingles.
- Replace weather stripping and repair loose mortar around
basement foundation and windows.
- Store firewood at least 20 feet away from the house and 5
inches off the ground.
- Routinely inspect the foundation of your home for signs of mud
tubes (used by termites to reach a food source), cracked or
bubbling paint and wood that sounds hollow when tapped.
- Direct water away from your house through properly functioning
downspouts, gutters and splash blocks.
- Keep mulch at least 15 inches from the foundation.
- Monitor all exterior areas of wood, including windows,
doorframes and skirting boards for any noticeable changes.
If you suspect a termite problem, contact a pest professional
right away who can confirm that a problem exists and determine the
best course of action. Termites cannot be controlled with
do-it-yourself measures. To find a local, qualified pest
professional in your area, visit the PestWorld.org zip code locator.